High blood pressure and sport
Participation in sport can result in a reduction in blood pressure when the sport is regularly (at least once per week) played without any competition. In fact, during exercise the blood pressure increased moderately in moderate exercise, but blood pressure can reach very high values when the effort is extreme.
Some medical studies have shown that regular participation in sport can lead to 5-25 millimeters of mercury is possible to lower the systolic blood pressure (the best ) and 3-15 mm Hg reduction in diastolic blood pressure (the minimal ) .
Blood pressure begins to fall, three weeks after athletic training, but often takes at least six months to assess its effectiveness.
In addition to its positive effects on blood pressure, regular practice of sport involves a reduction of cholesterol, fat mass in the interest of the fine paste. On the other hand, has an anti-stress and makes the blood more fluid.
Therefore, participation in sports helps fight against the disease of atherosclerosis, responsible for the development of cholesterol plaques in the arteries (the power proportional to the intensity of effort).
– Particular precautions:
If you are not an athlete, or if you do not regularly practice a sport, a sport must be very progressive, and we encourage you to talk to your doctor.
Therefore, the doctor can observe the behavior of a stress test to check the value of their blood pressure and heart activity during exercise.
This test requires, in particular patients with cardiovascular risk factors in addition to hypertension, obesity, tobacco, snuff, hypercholesterolemia, male gender or postmenopausal women, diabetes.
– Evaluation of the effectiveness:
Your doctor or you (if you have an auto-measure) to measure blood pressure should be below 140/90 mmHg.
If in doubt, you, your doctor is a measure of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring 24 hours.
Hypertension, if not cure, can be given antihypertensive treatment.
– Antihypertensive drug therapy of the high blood pressure and sport:
We must be cautious, since some drugs considered to performance-enhancing drugs: Beta-blockers and diuretics (with support for the passage of urine).
Beta-blockers are not a good option because they limit the ability to apply force.
It is rare that the calcium channel antagonists to be responsible for muscle pain during exercise. be other drugs (centrally acting alpha, angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor, angiotensin antagonists required).